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This case analyzes the challenges facing PANDA, a private-sector interest group, as they decide how to move forward in a complex political environment. Students must keep in mind the nature of the political regime in Pandora, the various components and goals of PANDA, and the relative positions of other political stakeholders.
Mahiz Shewen is the president of the Pandoran Development Authority (PANDA), a group of private sector leaders with civic action interests in the Southeast Asian republic of Pandora.
A dispute over fisheries conservation in the Northwest Atlantic leads to the first ever military confrontation between Canada and Spain. Negotiations involving the European Union lead to an agreement in which both sides claim victory.
The dispute over Northwest Atlantic fisheries conservation, dubbed "The Turbot War" in the press, marked the first military confrontation of any kind between Canada and Spain.
The overarching goal of this case is to step away, for a moment, from Payatas and comprehend the challenges of urban waste management in developing countries. These public health, environmental, and management problems are caused by various factors which constrain the development of effective solid waste management systems. With this mindset, students should be able to discuss how Payatas was able to overcome technical, financial, institutional, economic, and social constrains.
Since 2001, the Payatas site in Quezon City, Metro Manila, has been transformed from an open dumpsite, into a controlled waste disposal facility, and recently into a sanitary landfill.
This is a short, nontechnical case about a local official trying to site a landfill. Although written about Eastern Europe, the case might as well take place in the United States.